Courts must consider current value of naira

On impropriety of classification of damages for breach of contract as “general” and “special”

Emirate Airline v. Ngonadi (No. 2) [2014] 9 NWLR (Pt. 1413) 506 at 546 paras. B-F, per Iyizoba,  JCA:

“…The terms “general” and “special” damages are normally inapt in the categorization of damages for the purposes of awards in cases of breach of contract. We have had occasion to point out before and we make the point that apart from damages naturally resulting from the breach, no other form of general damages can be contemplated… Assessment of damages for breach of contract “is restitutio in integrum – that is, so far as the damages are not too remote, the plaintiff shall be restored, as far as money can do it, into the position in which he would have been if the breach had not occurred. The principle is not restitutio in opulentiam – giving him a windfall”.

Blogger’s Note:

The Court of Appeal rightly relied on the Supreme Court case of Okongwu v. NNPC [1989] 4 NWLR (Pt. 115) 296 at 315 while discountenancing the earlier Court of Appeal cases to the contrary.
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